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Important Facts You Need to Know About ADHD ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity affecting children, teens and continue into adulthood. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or […]

Important Facts You Need to Know About ADHD ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity affecting children, teens and continue into adulthood. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. Heredity or genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD, although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown. The possible contributory factors that may have caused ADHD include low birth weight, prematurity (birth before the 37th week of pregnancy), and alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy. ADHD can occur in patients with any level of intellectual ability, although it is more common for children with learning difficulties. Not all signs and symptoms may be apparent or noticeable, and not all categories might be present, like some patients may have problems with impulsiveness and inattentiveness but not with hyperactivity. ADHD is not curable but it can be effectively managed with appropriate support and advice for affected children and their parents, educational support and medication as needed. It is important to take note that patients with ADHD can’t help their behavior, and some issues may arise every day such as listening and carrying out instructions, getting ready for school on time, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD among children and teenagers are well defined, and they are very noticeable before six years old, occurring in more than one situation like at home and school. The main signs of inattentiveness include being easily distracted, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time-consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, difficulty completing and organizing task, and unable to listen to and carry out instructions. When it comes to the behavioral signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness, they usually include little or no sense of danger, unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, unable to wait for his turn, acting without thinking, and interrupting conversations. These signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life most especially when it comes to social interaction, discipline and safety.
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There are also related conditions associated with ADHD such as anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, epilepsy, Tourette’s syndrome or learning difficulties. The medications often prescribed to treat ADHD include methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. These medications can help a patient concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and practice and learn new skills.On Resources: My Experience Explained